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2 edition of Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila simulans and Drosophila melanogaster found in the catalog.

Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila simulans and Drosophila melanogaster

A. H. Sturtevant

Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila simulans and Drosophila melanogaster

by A. H. Sturtevant

  • 301 Want to read
  • 18 Currently reading

Published by Carnegie Institution of Washington in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Heredity.,
  • Drosophila simulans.,
  • Drosophila melanogaster.

  • Edition Notes

    Contains bibliographies.

    Statementby A.H. Sturtevant, C.B. Bridges, T.H. Morgan, L.V. Morgan, Ju Chi Li.
    SeriesCarnegie Institution of Washington publication, no. 399
    ContributionsBridges, Calvin B. 1889-1938., Morgan, Thomas Hunt, 1866-1945., Morgan, L. V., Li, Ju-Chi, 1896-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQH431 .S9
    The Physical Object
    Pagination3 p. l., 296 p.
    Number of Pages296
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6739137M
    LC Control Number30005218
    OCLC/WorldCa2754132

      Comparison of closely related species is a powerful D. melanogaster. In D. melanogaster, microsatel­ approach to understanding the changes that have oc­ lites reveal that West African popUlations are more curred since their divergence from a common ancestor. closely related to non-African populations than to The sibling species Drosophila melanogaster and D. East African : $ The fruit fly Drosophila simulans is a member of the melanogaster group of the subgenus Sophophora and a close relative of D. melanogaster. D. simulans is an important model organism for research into speciation and natural selection due to its close relationship with the two island endemic species D. mauritiana and D. sechellia.

    The Development of Drosophila Melanogaster, Volume 2 Michael Bate, Alfonso Martinez Arias Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, - Drosophila melanogaster - pages.   Drosophila melanogaster and its sister species D. simulans split several million years ago. Not surprisingly, they are completely reproductively isolated; indeed all F1 hybrids are completely sterile or inviable (Sturtevant ).Cited by:

      Drosophila simulans, the closest relative of D. melanogaster, is of particular interest to population genetics because both D. melanogaster and D. simulans are presumed to have a similar demographic history, yet population genetic and ecological work suggests very different signatures of selection and by: nature genetics • volume 33 • february Evolution of gene expression in the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup Scott A. Rifkin 1,2, Junhyong Kim 1,3 & Kevin P. White 2 Published online 27 January ; doi/ng Little is known about broad patterns of variation and evolution of gene expression during any developmental process.


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Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila simulans and Drosophila melanogaster by A. H. Sturtevant Download PDF EPUB FB2

Title. Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila simulans and Drosophila melanogaster. Related Titles. Series: Carnegie Institution of Washington publication no.

Buy Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila melanogaster on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila melanogaster: Morgan, Thomas Hunt, Bridges, Calvin B. Carnegie Institution of Washington: : BooksCited by: About this Book Catalog Record Details.

Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila simulans and Drosophila Sturtevant, A. (Alfred Henry), View full catalog record. Rights: Public Domain, Google-digitized.

Drosophila simulans is a species of fruit fly closely related to D. melanogaster. It was discovered by the fly geneticist Alfred Sturtevant inwhen he noticed that the flies used in Thomas Hunt Morgan's laboratory at the Columbia University were actually two distinct species: D.

melanogaster and D. differ in the external genitalia, while trained observers can separate Class: Insecta. Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila simulans and Drosophila melanogaster, (Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington, ), by A.

Sturtevant, Ju-Chi Li, L. Morgan, Thomas Hunt Morgan, and Calvin B. Bridges (page images at HathiTrust). Abstract. During the last two decades, the two cosmopolitan species Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila simulans have been compared with regard to numerous characteristics, ranging from their geographic distribution and ecology to their DNA polymorphism.

Various traits have been compared, including morphology, physiology, sexual behavior, allozymes and other proteins, chromosomal Cited by:   Contributions to the genetics of Drosophila melanogaster.

by Carnegie Institution of Washington ; Morgan, Thomas Hunt, ; Bridges, Calvin B. (Calvin Blackman), ; Sturtevant, A. (Alfred Henry), Pages:   We analyze patterns of nucleotide variability at 15 X-linked loci and 14 autosomal loci from a North American population of Drosophila simulans.

We show that there is significantly more linkage disequilibrium on the X chromosome than on chromosome arm 3R and much more linkage disequilibrium on both chromosomes than expected from estimates of recombination rates, mutation Cited by: C.J.

O'Kane, in Encyclopedia of Genetics, Of the many organisms studied by geneticists in the twentieth century, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has become one of the most widely used. It is small (adults a few mm long), fecund (hundreds of progeny from a single female), a rapid breeder (generation time about 10 days), innocuous, and an undemanding laboratory pet.

THE GENETICS OF DROSOPHILA. 3: MUTATION IN DROSOPHILA. MODIFYING FACTORS AND SELECTION Thomas Morgan won the Nobel Prize in for research that he had begun in with the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster). Reaching sexual maturity 12 to 14 hours after birth, the fruit fly had a number of heritable traits, primarily variations.

FIGURE External male genitalia of Drosophila melanogaster. Abbreviations as in Figure I. FIGUBE Egg of Drosophila simulans. FIGURE Egg of Drosophila melanogaster. that a technical description of D. melartogaster or a drawing of the style familiar to geneticists would File Size: KB.

The segregation distorter (SD) of Drosophila melanogaster [59] and the t-complex in the mouse [60] are two examples of these systems.

Interestingly, a third example describes a sex-linked meiotic driver in Drosophila simulans [61] that is an X-linked sex ratio distorter resulting in a majority of female progeny by inducing the loss of Y-bearing.

Both natural selection and mutational biases contribute to variation in codon usage bias within Drosophila species. This study addresses the cause of codon bias differences between the sibling species, Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans.

Under a model of mutation-selection-drift, variation in mutational processes between species predicts greater base composition differences in neutrally Cited by: Genetics of hybrid inviability and sterility in Drosophila: dissection of introgression of D.

simulans genes in D. melanogaster genome Pages Sawamura, Kyoichi (et al.)Brand: Springer Netherlands. ABSTRACT Drosophila melanogaster and its sibling spe-cies, Drosophila simulans, differ in expression of the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH).

Adult melanogaster flies that are homozygous for the Slow allozyme have approximately twice the level ofADHactivity and crossreacting material as simulansadults. Thereis nocorrespondingdifferencein ADH.

The fruit fly Drosophila simulans Sturtevant, is a semidomestic cosmopolitan species that is a recently ( millions years ago) diverged sibling of another well-known globally distributed. Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family species is known generally as the common fruit fly or vinegar ng with Charles W.

Woodworth's proposal of the use of this species as a model organism, D. melanogaster continues to be widely used for biological research in genetics, physiology, microbial pathogenesis, and life Class: Insecta. The rosy region of Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila simulans. Contrasting levels of naturally occurring DNA restriction map variation and divergence.

Genetics – [PMC free article] Ballard JW Comparative genomics of mitochondrial DNA in members of the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup. J Mol Evol 48–63Cited by: Drosophila species (Norry et al. We confirmed that D. mauritiana generally has larger eyes than D.

melanogaster and D. simulans, which is caused mainly by a difference in ommatidia size. Moreover, we found that there is a pervasive negative correlation between the face and eye size among all species surveyed in this Drosophila by: Drosophila Melanogaster, Drosophila Simulans: so Similar yet so Different Article Literature Review (PDF Available) in Genetica () April with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Genome sequencing and mapping of D. melanogaster data. The D. melanogaster data used in this study are part of an ongoing experiment (founder population from Orozco-terWengel et al. ; F59 populations from Franssen et al.

).Similar to D. simulans, temperature and light was cycled every 12 hr between 18 and 28°, corresponding to night and increase the coverage of Cited by: Genetic Studies on DROSOPHILA SIMULANS.I.

Introduction. Hybrids with DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER. A. H. Sturtevant Cited by:   The Drosophila wing has been used as a model to investigate the mechanisms responsible for size and shape changes in nature, since such changes might underlie morphological evolution. To improve Cited by: